China as Exemplar: Justin Lin, New Structural Economics, and the Unorthodox Orthodoxy of the China Model
John Åberg et Derick Becker
Politics & Policy, 48(5), 2020, p. 815-835
Globalement, cet article rejoint les conclusions que nous exposions déjà dans Lin Yifu, l’Afrique et le modèle chinois d’émergence , mais à la différence des deux auteurs, Åberg et Becker, qui se focalisent sur l'unorthodox orthodoxy de la construction théorique de Lin Yifu, nous avions tenté d'évaluer cette élaboration par rapport à une réflexion plus proprement chinoise qui ressort des débats politiques et économiques en Chine.
Despite vociferous disagreement by scholars and ambivalence by China over a “China Model” of development, China is still held up as an exemplar of development. Nowhere is this clearer than in the theory of New Structural Economics (NSE) promulgated by the former Chief Economist of the World Bank, Justin Lin. We seek to critically engage Lin's theory apropos of China and China's geopolitical and economic interests in Africa. Lin argues that developing countries can learn from China's development experience, and his theory, NSE, fills this experience with theoretical content. China, though often dismissive of a “China Model,” gains a soft power advantage from its association with NSE as an exemplar and from Lin's own role in rationalizing China‐Africa economic interests in purely analytical and intellectual terms. In Ethiopia, the regime actively heeded Lin's policy advice and implemented development policies in line with his theoretical model. Justin Lin's “China Model” is not an antagonistic model, but part of mainstream economic theorizing. It does not represent a competing counter‐hegemonic model. It is complementary to the global capitalist system. This is the unorthodox orthodoxy of Justin Lin's “China Model.”